• zabbix3.0安装【server】


    关于zabbix的介绍,就不多说了,功能强大,架构前卫,自己直接去官网研究

    在这里,还是秉承研究一个应用或者技术,都要自己动手安装部署,实战操作,才能深入掌握,基于这个精神,zabbix从安装部署开始。

    我这里介绍的是基于Linux(CentOS6.8)+MySQL+Zabbix+Nginx的方案。

    1. 下载源码,地址 http://pkgs.fedoraproject.org/repo/pkgs/zabbix/zabbix-3.0.1.tar.gz/890d9eec69304ad552959fabe0a5d122/zabbix-3.0.1.tar.gz

    2. 解压并配置数据库

       前提是,数据库已经安装。本操作案例中,数据库MySQL5.6的安装过程,请参照之前的博客CentOS 6.8下安装MySQL 5.6.33

       登录MySQL,并创建zabbix数据库。

    1 mysql> create database zabbix character set utf8; 

       创建zabbix用户并授权

    1  mysql> create user 'zabbix'@'%' identified by 'zabbix';
    2  mysql> grant all on zabbix.* to 'zabbix'@'%' identified by 'zabbix';

      将zabbix的数据库导入mysql (schema.sql, images.sql, data.sql,注意一定要按照这个顺序进行,否则可能会出现错误)

    1 mysql> source /home/water/Downloads/zabbix-3.0.1/database/mysql/schema.sql
    2 mysql> source /home/water/Downloads/zabbix-3.0.1/database/mysql/images.sql
    3 mysql> source /home/water/Downloads/zabbix-3.0.1/database/mysql/data.sql

    导入完毕后,可以看到有如下的表:

      1 mysql> show tables;
      2 +----------------------------+
      3 | Tables_in_zabbix           |
      4 +----------------------------+
      5 | acknowledges               |
      6 | actions                    |
      7 | alerts                     |
      8 | application_discovery      |
      9 | application_prototype      |
     10 | application_template       |
     11 | applications               |
     12 | auditlog                   |
     13 | auditlog_details           |
     14 | autoreg_host               |
     15 | conditions                 |
     16 | config                     |
     17 | dbversion                  |
     18 | dchecks                    |
     19 | dhosts                     |
     20 | drules                     |
     21 | dservices                  |
     22 | escalations                |
     23 | events                     |
     24 | expressions                |
     25 | functions                  |
     26 | globalmacro                |
     27 | globalvars                 |
     28 | graph_discovery            |
     29 | graph_theme                |
     30 | graphs                     |
     31 | graphs_items               |
     32 | group_discovery            |
     33 | group_prototype            |
     34 | groups                     |
     35 | history                    |
     36 | history_log                |
     37 | history_str                |
     38 | history_text               |
     39 | history_uint               |
     40 | host_discovery             |
     41 | host_inventory             |
     42 | hostmacro                  |
     43 | hosts                      |
     44 | hosts_groups               |
     45 | hosts_templates            |
     46 | housekeeper                |
     47 | httpstep                   |
     48 | httpstepitem               |
     49 | httptest                   |
     50 | httptestitem               |
     51 | icon_map                   |
     52 | icon_mapping               |
     53 | ids                        |
     54 | images                     |
     55 | interface                  |
     56 | interface_discovery        |
     57 | item_application_prototype |
     58 | item_condition             |
     59 | item_discovery             |
     60 | items                      |
     61 | items_applications         |
     62 | maintenances               |
     63 | maintenances_groups        |
     64 | maintenances_hosts         |
     65 | maintenances_windows       |
     66 | mappings                   |
     67 | media                      |
     68 | media_type                 |
     69 | opcommand                  |
     70 | opcommand_grp              |
     71 | opcommand_hst              |
     72 | opconditions               |
     73 | operations                 |
     74 | opgroup                    |
     75 | opinventory                |
     76 | opmessage                  |
     77 | opmessage_grp              |
     78 | opmessage_usr              |
     79 | optemplate                 |
     80 | profiles                   |
     81 | proxy_autoreg_host         |
     82 | proxy_dhistory             |
     83 | proxy_history              |
     84 | regexps                    |
     85 | rights                     |
     86 | screen_user                |
     87 | screen_usrgrp              |
     88 | screens                    |
     89 | screens_items              |
     90 | scripts                    |
     91 | service_alarms             |
     92 | services                   |
     93 | services_links             |
     94 | services_times             |
     95 | sessions                   |
     96 | slides                     |
     97 | slideshow_user             |
     98 | slideshow_usrgrp           |
     99 | slideshows                 |
    100 | sysmap_element_url         |
    101 | sysmap_url                 |
    102 | sysmap_user                |
    103 | sysmap_usrgrp              |
    104 | sysmaps                    |
    105 | sysmaps_elements           |
    106 | sysmaps_link_triggers      |
    107 | sysmaps_links              |
    108 | timeperiods                |
    109 | trends                     |
    110 | trends_uint                |
    111 | trigger_depends            |
    112 | trigger_discovery          |
    113 | triggers                   |
    114 | users                      |
    115 | users_groups               |
    116 | usrgrp                     |
    117 | valuemaps                  |
    118 +----------------------------+
    119 113 rows in set (0.01 sec)
    View Code

    3. 创建linux的用户zabbix

    1 [root@CloudGame zabbix-3.0.1]# groupadd zabbix
    2 [root@CloudGame zabbix-3.0.1]# useradd zabbix -g zabbix -s /bin/false

    4. 安装依赖包

    1 [root@CloudGame zabbix-3.0.1]# yum install net-snmp-devel -y
    2 [root@CloudGame zabbix-3.0.1]# yum install curl curl-devel -y
    3 
    4 [root@CloudGame MySQL-5.6.33]# rpm -ivh MySQL-devel-5.6.33-1.linux_glibc2.5.x86_64.rpm
    5 warning: MySQL-devel-5.6.33-1.linux_glibc2.5.x86_64.rpm: Header V3 DSA/SHA1 Signature, key ID 5072e1f5: NOKEY
    6 Preparing...                ########################################### [100%]
    7    1:MySQL-devel            ########################################### [100%]

    注意,只有MySQL-devel的包安装了,系统才会有mysql_config命令,这个命令在/usr/bin/mysql_config下。

    5. 配置zabbix,并安装

    1 [root@CloudGame zabbix-3.0.1]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/zabbix --enable-server --enable-agent --with-net-snmp --with-libcurl --enable-proxy --with-mysql=/usr/bin/mysql_config

    遗憾的是,执行这个爆出了错误:

     1 ...........
     2 checking for -rdynamic linking option... yes
     3 checking for libperfstat 5.2.0.40 fileset... no
     4 checking for libperfstat 5.3.0.60 fileset... no
     5 checking for architecture... linux (linux-gnu)
     6 checking for the linux kernel version... 2.6 family (2.6.32-642.6.1.el6.x86_64)
     7 checking size of void *... 8
     8 checking for mysql_config... /usr/bin/mysql_config
     9 checking for main in -lmysqlclient... no
    10 configure: error: Not found mysqlclient library

    什么错误?
    查看安装的mysql相关的包:

    1 [root@CloudGame MySQL-5.6.33]# /usr/bin/mysql_config --libs
    2 -L/usr/lib64 -lmysqlclient -lpthread -lm -lrt -ldl

    这个显示这个mysqlclient的包在啊。。
    国外的网站上看到一个类似的问题,说是要将mysql-shared的rpm包装上,即可解决问题。于是:

    1 [root@CloudGame MySQL-5.6.33]# rpm -ivh MySQL-shared-5.6.33-1.linux_glibc2.5.x86_64.rpm
    2 warning: MySQL-shared-5.6.33-1.linux_glibc2.5.x86_64.rpm: Header V3 DSA/SHA1 Signature, key ID 5072e1f5: NOKEY
    3 Preparing...                ########################################### [100%]
    4    1:MySQL-shared           ########################################### [100%]

    再次configure命令,问题解决了:

     1 config.status: creating src/zabbix_proxy/heart/Makefile
     2 config.status: creating src/zabbix_proxy/housekeeper/Makefile
     3 config.status: creating src/zabbix_proxy/proxyconfig/Makefile
     4 config.status: creating src/zabbix_proxy/datasender/Makefile
     5 config.status: creating src/zabbix_java/Makefile
     6 config.status: creating upgrades/Makefile
     7 config.status: creating man/Makefile
     8 config.status: creating include/config.h
     9 config.status: executing depfiles commands
    10 
    11 
    12 Configuration:
    13 
    14   Detected OS:           linux-gnu
    15   Install path:          /usr/local/zabbix
    16   Compilation arch:      linux
    17 
    18   Compiler:              gcc
    19   Compiler flags:        -g -O2     -I/usr/include/rpm -I/usr/local/include -I/usr/lib64/perl5/CORE -I. -I/usr/include      
    20 
    21   Enable server:         yes
    22   Server details:
    23     With database:         MySQL
    24     WEB Monitoring:        cURL
    25     Native Jabber:         no
    26     SNMP:                  yes
    27     IPMI:                  no
    28     SSH:                   no
    29     TLS:                   no
    30     ODBC:                  no
    31     Linker flags:          -rdynamic      -L/usr/lib64        -L/usr/lib64     
    32     Libraries:             -lm -ldl -lrt  -lresolv -liconv   -lmysqlclient         -lnetsnmp      -lcurl
    33 
    34   Enable proxy:          yes
    35   Proxy details:
    36     With database:         MySQL
    37     WEB Monitoring:        cURL
    38     SNMP:                  yes
    39     IPMI:                  no
    40     SSH:                   no
    41     TLS:                   no
    42     ODBC:                  no
    43     Linker flags:          -rdynamic      -L/usr/lib64       -L/usr/lib64     
    44     Libraries:             -lm -ldl -lrt  -lresolv -liconv   -lmysqlclient        -lnetsnmp      -lcurl
    45 
    46   Enable agent:          yes
    47   Agent details:
    48     TLS:                   no
    49     Linker flags:          -rdynamic      
    50     Libraries:             -lm -ldl -lrt  -lresolv -liconv     -lcurl
    51 
    52   Enable Java gateway:   no
    53 
    54   LDAP support:          no
    55   IPv6 support:          no
    56 
    57 ***********************************************************
    58 *            Now run 'make install'                       *
    59 *                                                         *
    60 *            Thank you for using Zabbix!                  *
    61 *              <http://www.zabbix.com>                    *
    62 ***********************************************************

    接着执行make install,这步没有问题,直接ok。

    6. 配置网络服务信息/etc/services,在文件最末尾添加下面的内容:

    1 iqobject        48619/tcp               # iqobject
    2 iqobject        48619/udp               # iqobject
    3 
    4 #zabbix added by shihuc 2016-11-17
    5 zabbix-agent    10050/tcp               # zabbix agent
    6 zabbix-agent    10050/udp               # zabbix agent
    7 zabbix-trapper  10051/tcp               # zabbix trapper
    8 zabbix-trapper  10051/udp               # zabbix trapper

    7. 配置/usr/local/zabbix/etc/zabbix_server.conf

    1 DBName=zabbix #数据库名称
    2 
    3 DBUser=zabbix #数据库用户名
    4 
    5 DBPassword=zabbix #数据库密码
    6 
    7 ListenIP=127.0.0.1 #数据库ip地址
    8 
    9 AlertScriptsPath=/usr/local/zabbix/share/zabbix/alertscripts #zabbix运行脚本存放目录

    上面的红色部分,要小心,若是配置成了localhost,将会遇到下面的错误,在启动zabbix_server的时候,起不来。

     1   5948:20161118:111435.238 Starting Zabbix Server. Zabbix 3.0.1 (revision 58734).
     2   5948:20161118:111435.238 ****** Enabled features ******
     3   5948:20161118:111435.238 SNMP monitoring:           YES
     4   5948:20161118:111435.238 IPMI monitoring:            NO
     5   5948:20161118:111435.238 Web monitoring:            YES
     6   5948:20161118:111435.238 VMware monitoring:          NO
     7   5948:20161118:111435.238 SMTP authentication:        NO
     8   5948:20161118:111435.238 Jabber notifications:       NO
     9   5948:20161118:111435.238 Ez Texting notifications:  YES
    10   5948:20161118:111435.238 ODBC:                       NO
    11   5948:20161118:111435.238 SSH2 support:               NO
    12   5948:20161118:111435.239 IPv6 support:               NO
    13   5948:20161118:111435.239 TLS support:                NO
    14   5948:20161118:111435.239 ******************************
    15   5948:20161118:111435.239 using configuration file: /usr/local/zabbix/etc/zabbix_server.conf
    16   5948:20161118:111435.251 current database version (mandatory/optional): 03000000/03000000
    17   5948:20161118:111435.251 required mandatory version: 03000000
    18   5948:20161118:111435.254 listener failed: incorrect IPv4 address [localhost]

    8. 配置agentd, /usr/local/zabbix/etc/zabbix_agentd.conf

    1 Include=/usr/local/zabbix/etc/zabbix_agentd.conf.d/
    2 
    3 UnsafeUserParameters=1 #启用自定义key

    9. 配置zabbix_server, zabbix_agentd的开机启动项

    1 [root@CloudGame init.d]# pwd
    2 /home/water/Downloads/zabbix-3.0.1/misc/init.d
    3 [root@CloudGame init.d]# cp fedora/core/zabbix_server /etc/rc.d/init.d/zabbix_server
    4 [root@CloudGame init.d]# cp fedora/core/zabbix_agentd /etc/rc.d/init.d/zabbix_agentd

    到此,还有一点需要注意,就是zabbix_server以及zabbix_agentd的BASEDIR路径。修改zabbix_server启动脚本参数,主要是zabbix的安装路径信息,默认是下面的样子:

    1 [root@CloudGame init.d]# vim /etc/rc.d/init.d/zabbix_server
    2 # Variables
    3 # Edit these to match your system settings
    4 
    5         # Zabbix-Directory
    6         BASEDIR=/usr/local

    根据自己zabbix的安装路径,修改BASEDIR,我的是在/usr/local/zabbix,所以修改后是这个样子:BASEDIR修改为BASEDIR=/usr/local/zabbix

    同理,zabbix_agentd一样的修改这个地址。

    10. 配置web,我这里是基于nginx,并非官方描述的Apache。(nginx的安装也非常简单,我这里的版本是1.10.2,这里不介绍)

    1 [root@CloudGame frontends]# pwd
    2 /home/water/Downloads/zabbix-3.0.1/frontends
    3 [root@CloudGame frontends]# cp -rf php /usr/local/nginx/html/zabbix
    4 [root@CloudGame frontends]# chown www.www -R /usr/local/nginx/html/zabbix
    5 chown: invalid user: `www.www'
    6 [root@CloudGame frontends]# groupadd www
    7 [root@CloudGame frontends]# useradd www -g www -s /bin/false
    8 [root@CloudGame frontends]# 
    9 [root@CloudGame frontends]# chown www.www -R /usr/local/nginx/html/zabbix

    11. 启动服务

    1 [root@CloudGame sbin]# service zabbix_server start
    2 Starting zabbix_server:                                    [  OK  ]
    3 [root@CloudGame sbin]# 
    4 [root@CloudGame sbin]# service zabbix_agentd start
    5 Starting zabbix_agentd:  zabbix_agentd [5291]: /usr/local/etc/zabbix_agentd.conf.d: [2] No such file or directory
    6                                                            [FAILED]

    这个是什么意思?居然还报错了。。。检测配置文件/usr/local/zabbix/etc/zabbix_agentd.conf以及zabbix_agentd_conf.d所在的路径,发现路径不对,少了以及zabbix,正确的应该是:/usr/local/zabbix/etc/zabbix_agentd.conf.d/ 再次启动:

    1 [root@CloudGame zabbix_agentd.conf.d]# service zabbix_agentd start
    2 Starting zabbix_agentd:                                    [  OK  ]

    12. 配置php环境。

    因为zabbix的web部分是php实现的,需要php运行环境,我这里没有用Apache,而是nginx,所以,需要php-fpm这个FastCGI。

    1 [root@CloudGame ~]# yum install php-fpm

    这里,我的系统默认安装的是php5.3.3,这个为后面埋下了雷,后面会说到!

    修改/etc/php.ini

    1 post_max_size =16M
    2 
    3 max_execution_time =300
    4 
    5 max_input_time =300

    启动php-fpm:

    1 [root@CloudGame ~]# service php-fpm start
    2 Starting php-fpm:                                          [  OK  ]

    13. 检查安装效果

    在浏览器输入http://localhost/setup.php,浏览器一直显示“File not found

    鬼的很啊,什么问题,我对php一点经验没有,在国外的站上看到相关说法,很可能是我的php安装有点问题,前面我只是安装了php-fpm,我再安装一下php,以及php-fpm。

    1 [root@CloudGame etc]# yum install php
    2 [root@CloudGame etc]# yum install php-fpm

    再次刷新页面http://localhost/setup.php,有内容了,不再出现“File not found”.

    启动可以了,基于nginx启动php页面可以了,php脚本文件通过php-fpm这个FastCGI进行解析。

    Warning: Unknown: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Hong_Kong' for 'HKT/8.0/no DST' instead in /usr/local/nginx/html/zabbix/index.php on line 29
    
    Parse error: syntax error, unexpected '[' in /usr/local/nginx/html/zabbix/setup.php on line 30

    有这么一个警告,修改比较简单,在/etc/php.ini下修改时区。
    [Date]
    ; Defines the default timezone used by the date functions
    ; http://php.net/date.timezone
    date.timezone = PRC

    再次打开页面,发现还是有错误
    Parse error: syntax error, unexpected '[' in /usr/local/nginx/html/zabbix/setup.php on line 30


    纠结半天,原来是说php的版本太低了,必须大于5.4。。。

    于是安装php高于5.3的版本,下载一个5.5的rpm包
    在这里下载https://oss.oracle.com/projects/php/files/EL6/x86_64/
    为了测试zabbix的安装流程,主要安装下面几个:

    [root@CloudGame Downloads]# rpm -ivh php55-cli-5.5.10-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
    Preparing...                ########################################### [100%]
        file /usr/bin/phar.phar from install of php55-cli-5.5.10-1.el6.x86_64 conflicts with file from package php-cli-5.3.3-48.el6_8.x86_64
        file /usr/bin/php from install of php55-cli-5.5.10-1.el6.x86_64 conflicts with file from package php-cli-5.3.3-48.el6_8.x86_64
        file /usr/bin/php-cgi from install of php55-cli-5.5.10-1.el6.x86_64 conflicts with file from package php-cli-5.3.3-48.el6_8.x86_64
        file /usr/share/man/man1/php.1.gz from install of php55-cli-5.5.10-1.el6.x86_64 conflicts with file from package php-cli-5.3.3-48.el6_8.x86_64
    [root@CloudGame Downloads]# rpm -ivh php55-cli-5.5.10-1.el6.x86_64.rpm --replacefiles
    Preparing...                ########################################### [100%]
       1:php55-cli              ########################################### [100%]
    [root@CloudGame Downloads]# 
    [root@CloudGame Downloads]# rpm -ivh php55-5.5.10-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
    Preparing...                ########################################### [100%]
       1:php55                  ########################################### [100%]
    [root@CloudGame Downloads]# rpm -ivh php55-devel-5.5.10-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
    Preparing...                ########################################### [100%]
       1:php55-devel            ########################################### [100%]
    [root@CloudGame Downloads]# rpm -ivh php55-mysql-5.5.10-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
    error: Failed dependencies:
        php55-pdo(x86-64) is needed by php55-mysql-5.5.10-1.el6.x86_64
    [root@CloudGame Downloads]# rpm -ivh php55-pdo-5.5.10-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
    Preparing...                ########################################### [100%]
       1:php55-pdo              ########################################### [100%]
    [root@CloudGame Downloads]# rpm -ivh php55-mysql-5.5.10-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
    Preparing...                ########################################### [100%]
       1:php55-mysql            ########################################### [100%]
    [root@CloudGame Downloads]# rpm -ivh php55-xmlrpc-5.5.10-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
    Preparing...                ########################################### [100%]
       1:php55-xmlrpc           ########################################### [100%]
    [root@CloudGame Downloads]# rpm -ivh php55-fpm-5.5.10-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
    Preparing...                ########################################### [100%]
       1:php55-fpm              ########################################### [100%]
    [root@CloudGame etc]# service php-fpm start
    Starting php-fpm:                                          [  OK  ]

    注意,这里我没有修改php.ini以及php-fpm.conf的内容,还是沿用前面5.3安装配置的信息。

    再次在浏览器输入http://localhost/setup.php
    现在终于解决了前面提到‘[’语法错误了。

    点击next step的时候,发现,还有好多是fail的:

    按照提示信息,修改/etc/php.ini的配置文件,重启php-fpm后,刷新浏览器得到下图:

    剩下的问题呢?这个不是配置参数的问题了,是PHP运行环境,相关插件没有安装,安装标记Fail的内容,去PHP安装路径下找相关的rpm进行安装,都有哪些插件呢:

     选择缺少的插件安装吧:

    [root@CloudGame Downloads]# rpm -ivh php55-bcmath-5.5.10-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
    Preparing...                ########################################### [100%]
       1:php55-bcmath           ########################################### [100%]
    [root@CloudGame Downloads]# rpm -ivh php55-mbstring-5.5.10-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
    Preparing...                ########################################### [100%]
       1:php55-mbstring         ########################################### [100%]
    [root@CloudGame Downloads]# rpm -ivh php55-gd-5.5.10-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
    Preparing...                ########################################### [100%]
       1:php55-gd               ########################################### [100%]
    [root@CloudGame Downloads]# rpm -ivh php55-xml-5.5.10-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
    Preparing...                ########################################### [100%]
       1:php55-xml              ########################################### [100%]
    [root@CloudGame Downloads]# service php-fpm restart
    Stopping php-fpm:                                          [  OK  ]
    Starting php-fpm:                                          [  OK  ]

    再次刷新页面,嗯,都好了。

    14. 在浏览器中,根据setup.php的引导进行配置zabbix

    上一步中,所有的选项检查都ok后,可以点击next step,到了数据库配置项,又遇到了问题:Error connecting to database: No such file or directory

    查找了很多国外论坛,找到了解决问题的tip:

    修改/etc/php.ini
    ; Default socket name for local MySQL connects.  If empty, uses the built-in
    ; MySQL defaults.
    ; http://php.net/mysql.default-socket
    mysql.default_socket = /var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock

    同时,修改/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf,网上好多修改下面内容的地址说的有问题或者不详细,根本找不到文件。。。

    1 user=www
    2 group=www
    3 request_terminate_timeout = 300

    然后,在数据库验证的地方,将Database Host的localhost修改为127.0.0.1后,就可以了。

    还有一点很重要,遇到Error connecting to database:  Permission denied

    这个错误的时候,估计很多人会郁闷很久吧,因为这个错误,在查找zabbix直接相关的配置文件,是解决不了问题的,这个是linux系统selinux的原因。将其关掉就可以了。

    [root@CloudGame ~]# vim /etc/selinux/config
    
    # This file controls the state of SELinux on the system.
    # SELINUX= can take one of these three values:
    #     enforcing - SELinux security policy is enforced.
    #     permissive - SELinux prints warnings instead of enforcing.
    #     disabled - No SELinux policy is loaded.
    SELINUX=disabled
    # SELINUXTYPE= can take one of these two values:
    #     targeted - Targeted processes are protected,
    #     mls - Multi Level Security protection.
    SELINUXTYPE=targeted
    
    
    ~                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
    ~                                      

    【在调查这个问题的时候,nginx的配置文件,做了修改,给zabbix应用起了另外的一个端口81,之前采用的是80】

    最后,点击Next step按钮,会看到下面的内容:

    到此,zabbix server的安装配置过程全部结束。

    细心的您,是不是发现,我这个安装的截图,怎么这么丑,和官网的以及网上看到的2.x的版本差别很大,对,没错,我这里的页面加载,样式都丢了,图片也显示不出来,这个问题,下一个博文再介绍吧。

    这个安装介绍,就到此,如需要,请转载,转载请标记出处。

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  • 原文地址:https://www.cnblogs.com/shihuc/p/6078285.html
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